2019 Lok Sabha : India Rises Above Caste Barrier
2019 Lok Sabha : India Rises Above Caste Barrier : On 23rd May 2019, Narendra Modi led Bhartiya Janata Party became the only non-Congress party to return to power at the Centre. After Jawahar Lal Nehru and Indira Gandhi, Narendra Modi became the 3rd Prime Minister to return to power with majority on its own. From North to South, from West to far East, the saffron party made a massive surge.
After losing the Assembly election 2018 badly, many doubted the return of Modi and opinionated the party to face the same fate that BJP under Atal Bihari Vajpayee faced in 2004 but to rise above all the odds is what Narendra Modi is known for. He scripted the 2019 election the way he wanted, “Abki Bar 300 Par”, changed the entire game, even the political pundits could not figure out how Modi did it?
How Indian Politics was Defined?
Politics in India have always been limited to caste and religion. The voters are divided as per their caste and religion before the start of voting by the political parties. Alliances are stitched to attract the particular section to their fold. May be this was what 2019 Lok Sabha election was also drubbed to be, before it began. In UP, Bihar and Jharkhand formidable alliances were scripted to stop Modi from returning to power once again. The party which won 117 of 134 Lok Sabha seats in this part of the nation seemed to be on back foot due to the alliances that turned up. In Uttar Pradesh, the three big political parties, Mayawati’s BSP, Mulayam Singh Yadav’s SP and Ajit Singh’s RLD came together. As per the caste arithmetic the Dalit-Yadav-Muslim-Jat combination was up against BJP and its allies which won 73 out of 80 Lok Sabha seats in 2014. The alliance was thereby in control of more than 50% of the population of Uttar Pradesh, enough to reduce the 2014 winners to just handful of seats. In Bihar and Jharkhand too, the alliances posed a serious threat to upon the return of Modi of as Prime Minister.
How Modi Changed the Definition?
Described as a Divider-in-Chief by one foreign media, Narendra Modi, wearing his saffron sleeves, lead BJP headed NDA to a victory that none might have imagined. With vote share of near about 50 percent, it seemed like every second voter in nation either voted for BJP or its allies. Narendra Modi shattered the old-age version of Indian politics. Irrespective of their caste, religion, gender, India chose Modi above all. “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas” was followed by Sabka Vishwas. “India has united to elect us”, Modi thundered in post-result speech. This was enough proving that Modi has turned out to be a unifier of 21st Century India. Indeed, he stood tall above all as a “Unifier-In-Chief”.
Party of All: BJP
Labeled as the party of north, BJP broke all the barriers. In 2019, it was the Hindi heartland that helped BJP attain simple majority. However, in 2019 Lok Sabha election, the party of Hindi belt saffronised the nation. In east and north-east, the Modi-Shah duo demonstrated their might. The state of West Bengal which however stood away from the reach of Delhi, gave BJP 18 valuable Lok Seats enough to create panic in the heart of “Didi of Bengal”. In north-east BJP along with its allies won 21 of 25 Lok Sabha seats. South, which rather seemed unconquerable, BJP shocked every political pundit. In Karnataka, BJP decimated the Congress-JD(s) alliance by winning 25 of 28 Lok Sabha seats and in Telangana the party for the first time won four Lok Sabha seats. However, the party could not open its account in Kerela and Tamil Nadu. It must be noted that, BJP along with allies proved to be mightier than the Mahagathbandhan in Uttar Pradesh too. Out of 80 seats, BJP won 62 seats proving entire caste based political arithmetic to fall flat.
In the end, the 2019 Lok Sabha verdict demonstrated the true color of Indian democracy. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, it was all about combination of political tactics of Modi-Shah duo. The Congress and other opposition failed to make any impact, despite of high voltage election campaign. The nation handsomely ended the caste-based politics and with it also brought to end of “Parivarwaad” to some extent. Be it the Gawdas in Karnataka, Pawars in Maharashtra, Chautalas in Haryana, the Mulayam clan in Uttar Pradesh or the family of Lalu Prasad in Bihar, all got swept in Modi wave. In the states of Gujarat, Chhatisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana the vote share of BJP stood over 50 percent, something that was beyond the the political arithmetic and proving India Rises Above Caste Barrier .
Topic: India Rises Above Caste Barrier
Watch: PM Modi’s Victory Speech